In general, many people use the term “migraine” to describe any severe headache, the headache of a migraine is the result of physiologic changes that occur within the brain and lead to the pain.
Migraine headaches are usually patient experience with sensitivity to light, sound, smells and many patients experience nausea or vomiting. A Migraine headache often involves only one side of the head but in some cases, patients may experience pain on both sides.
Not all headaches represent migraines, and migraine is not the only condition that can cause severe headaches. For example, cluster headaches are very severe headaches that affect one side of the head in a recurrent manner (occurring in a “cluster” over time). The pain is sometimes described as “drilling,” and can be worse than migraine pain in some cases and migraine headaches are more common than cluster headaches.
Tension headaches are a more common cause of headache. These occur due to contraction of the muscles of the scalp, face, and neck.
Common symptoms of migraine are:
- Eye pain
- Sensitivity to sound or light
- Severe pain, usually on one side of the head
Some basic investigations needed to diagnosis, which inculdes:
- CBP (Complete Blood Picture)
- TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone)
- CT Brain (Without Contrast)
Lifestyle alterations might help to reduce migraine, Says expert neurologist doctors.
- Reducing stress
- Avoiding certain foods
- Getting enough sleep
- Drinking plenty of water
- Regular physical exercise
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